Partial Knee Replacement in New Orleans, LA

New Orleans Partial Knee Replacement SurgeryPartial knee replacement is a type of minimally invasive knee surgery that restores joint function in patients whose osteoarthritis is limited to one compartment. Partial knee replacement works to minimize ruptures to muscle and tissue surrounding the knee joint during surgery, and utilizes smaller incisions compared to total knee replacement. These minimally invasive techniques can potentially provide a quicker post-operative recovery and reduced scarring, along with many other benefits. Because not every knee arthritis patient is a candidate for partial knee replacement, patients are advised to schedule an appointment with Dr. Junius to discuss both conservative and surgical treatment options.

Find out how to schedule an appointment at Dr. Junius’ Metairie, LA office »

Before recommending partial knee replacement as an option for treating osteoarthritis, Dr. Junius will evaluate the patient's knee through imaging tests to determine if the treatment is a possibility. Understanding the anatomy of the knee can help patients understand their unique condition and how to best approach treatment.

Anatomy of the Knee

The knee is a hinge joint comprised of three bones and held together by four ligaments. The femur and tibia make up the hinge joint, which is covered by the patella for protection against trauma. Four ligaments attach to the knee, which help stabilize the joint and limit its range of motion.

Inside the knee are three compartments: the medial compartment, found on the inside of the knee, the lateral compartment, found outside the knee, and the patellofemoral compartment, found in front of the knee. Osteoarthritis most commonly affects the medial compartment, though all three are susceptible to developing arthritis.

Partial Knee Replacement Surgery

For patients whose arthritis is limited to only one compartment, partial knee replacement is a solution to restore joint function and relieve pain, often with improved results. Partial knee replacement preserves more healthy bone and tissue, as opposed to total knee replacement, which effectively removes the entire knee joint, including some of the attached ligaments.

During a partial knee replacement surgery, the surgeon will make a small incision, approximately 3 inches in length, on the front of the knee. The surgeon will then shave down the diseased bone and remove damaged cartilage, before capping the femoral and tibial bone ends with metal components, held in place by cement. A plastic insert is placed between the newly resurfaced bone ends that allow the joint to swing with minimal friction.

Partial knee replacement does not disrupt the kneecap, leading to a shorter rehabilitation period. Additionally, because of the smaller incision size, partial knee replacement reduces blood loss during surgery, making the post-operative period considerably less painful.

Potential benefits of partial knee replacement include:

  • Reduced scarring
  • Less post-operative pain
  • Shorter post-operative recovery
  • Improved range of motion
  • More natural feeling in comparison to total knee replacement

Partial Knee Replacement Surgery in New Orleans, LA

Dr. R. William Junius, III is a board-certified orthopedic surgeon in Metairie, LA with sub-specialty certification in orthopedic sports medicine. Additionally, Dr. Junius is one of the only physicians in the New Orleans area approved by the FDA to implant the Oxford Partial Knee Replacement. Schedule an appointment at Crescent City Orthopedics and Sports Medicine’s Metairie, LA office to learn more about partial knee replacement solutions.